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Art-Ritual-Culture: Apprehending the Triad in Contemporary Indian Context

Sudhir Kumar
PhD Junior Research Fellow (UGC), Department of Fine Arts, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh (UP), India. ORCID: 0000-0003-4608-7917. Email: sudhirkoomar@gmail.com

Vol. 1, No. 2, 2016 I Full Text PDF


Received September 27, 2016; Revised October 19, 2016; Accepted November 21, 2016; Published December 16, 2016

Abstract

Art, ritual and culture – these are the entities that form the basis of knowing the collective psyche of a society – how they think of them, their aims in life and their approaches towards responses to various natural phenomena. In the Indian context the triad has been interrelated in such an intimate manner that changing the approaches towards one would necessarily affect the others. In India though art has been deeply embedded in the daily activities of the people and their physical utilitarian objects, yet above that art has also gained a very high status in their lives by reflecting their aspirations, their philosophical and intellectual approaches towards life and phenomena in nature and the understanding of their respective positions in cosmos. If art and ritual acting together has been threshold for higher consciousness, the culture has been the denominator of their scientific and spiritual achievements. Thus, the findings in art, presenting the face of Indian culture also indicate their successes and failures at different points of time and space. But there seems to be an abrupt break in this current if we observe the contemporary art pursuits and the academic opinions on art and aesthetics in the country. By correlating the traditional approaches towards art and ritual with those of contemporary art practices and researches this paper briefly tries to bring forth some of such issues that are quite imperative to be cogitated upon for all-round cultural developments of the individuals and the society.

Keywords: Art and Ritual, Indian Art and Aesthetics, Indigenous arts of India, Indian Culture, Indian Contemporary Art, Art Research and Education

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Digital Convergence, Design and Revival of Indian Culture

Pranita Ranade

Symbiosis Institute Design, Symbiosis International University, Pune, India.  Email: pranitaranade@gmail.com

Vol. 1, No. 2, 2016 I Full Text PDF


 Received July 06, 2016; Revised September 10, 2016; Accepted September 10, 2016; Published September 19, 2016

Abstract

In recent years because of globalization and urbanization, many Indians are migrating from their hometown and living in different parts across the country and the globe in totally cross cultural and ethnically diverse communities. The Cultural heritage of any community is associated with their daily lifestyle and linked to social, environmental and economic processes. Rituals of ‘Sixteen Sacraments of Life’ of Indian Vedic culture are considered as intangible cultural heritage. Focus of this paper is on forging a techno-cultural graphic design application to provide culture-centric visual design using digital technology. This Baby-App will help parents and other members of the family to capture the key moments of childhood and the traditional samskaras for the child and thus document child’s cultural experiences. It will guide young generation of India in cherishing and articulating their child’s memories with cultural ethos. Besides documenting a child’s cultural experiences, this product will also help in safeguarding our cultural heritage. Revival of cultural mores will also provide opportunities for social and economic development of the individual and society.

Keywords: Graphic Design, New Media Design, Digital Design, Social Media, Digital Photography, Indian Culture, Indology