Interpretation of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in Portraiture: An Overview

Gurdeep Kaur & Rohita Sharma

Department of Business and fine arts, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India. Email:

   Volume 1, Number 3, 2016 I Full Text PDF

Article DOI:  10.21659/bp.v1n3.s206


 The influential popularity of Maharaja Ranjit Singh was too vast in his lifetime, that no one could remained detached from him. There are numerous portraits of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in various postures wearing different attires. This paper is an analysis of the presentation of the identity of Sikh Maharaja; Maharaja Ranjit Singh, recognized and grasped by the native painters. The study also focuses on postures and gestures captured by the painters with the inspirations of common-popular knowledge about the behaviors and lifestyle of Sikh Maharaja in Punjab Plains during first half of nineteenth century. This paper is also an attempt to grasp the lifestyle of Maharaja and role of his companions in the entirety of Maharaja Ranjit Singh through data analysis and reviewing the literature and memoirs of European travelers, which is also the base of data analysis. The study is based on explorative method. The study concludes that the interpretation of Maharaja Ranjit Singh through portraiture is the tremendous combination of facts and imaginations of native painters in various native styles combining and adjusting western influences.

Key words: Posture, gesture, seated, equestrian, face, dress.