A Microcosm of Third World Feminism in Shashi Deshpande’s Novel The Dark Holds no Terrors

Virender Pal

University College, Kurukshetra University Kurukshetra. ORCID ID:0000-0003-3569-1289. Email:

Volume 2, Number 1, 2017 I Full Text PDF

Article DOI:  10.21659/bp.v2n1.05


In the beginning feminism was a monolithic movement. It was based on the belief that the problems of all the women living in different countries of the world are same. Now because feminism in the beginning was dominated by Anglophone and Francophone feminists so it was believed that the problems of the women around the world resemble the problems of these women. However, soon it was realised that the problems of the women around the world cannot be universalised. In fact, the problems of an Indian woman are totally different from the problems of a European woman and the same thing applies to the woman living in the Middle East and Africa. Soon feminism changed into feminisms and one universal theoretical model gave way to many theoretical models and these models discussed the problems that were localised. Literary writers have also played their role in accentuating these theoretical issues. The current paper is a study of Shashi Deshpande’s novel The Dark Holds no Terrors as a significant contribution in enhancing the problems of women living in the Third world countries in general and India in particular.

Keywords: feminism, third world, patriarchy, education, marriage.